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Cancer is a condition that arises from the existence of abnormal cells in the human body. Body cells naturally get renewed such that existing cells age, die and are then replaced by new cells. Cells that are termed abnormal or cancerous are those cells that refuse to die and instead keep on dividing and multiplying uncontrollably. As this continuous division continues, the excess cells begin to come together to form tumors. If not detected in time or if not properly managed, this tumor spreads to different parts of the body and may affect the lymph nodes also.

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Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cervix. The cervix is the entrance of the womb. A large number of cervical cancer cases has been linked to the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection which can be prevented by the use of vaccines. Here is all you need to know about cervical cancer, its signs, symptoms, and prevention.

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The following are what predisposes a person to have cervical cancer.

· The Human Papilloma Virus: HPV is a virus that is transmitted via contact during sexual intercourse. There are different strains of the virus, a number of which are able to trigger the start of cancer. This means anyone that is infected with the Human Papilloma Virus is at greater risk of having cervical cancer.

· An immune system that is weak: A person who has a weak immune system is very susceptible to different kinds of infections. These include the Human Papilloma Virus and cervical cancer.

· Smoking

· An early start to engaging in sexual activities

· Having several sex partners e.t.c.

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The symptoms of cervical cancer are usually non-existent in the early stages. They start to show up as the disease progresses. Here are some of the symptoms that could be pointers to cervical cancer:

· Bleeding in women that are at their stage of menopause.

· Foul smelling discharges from the vagina.

· Discharges from the vagina that are accompanied with blood stains.

· Pains in the pelvic region

· Bleeding in between periods

· Feelings of pain and discomfort while having sex.

· Bleeding after having sex

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A few preventive measures that you can take to reduce your chances of having cervical cancer are:

· Taking the HPV vaccine: It is available for young people between the ages of 9- 26.

· Be faithful to one partner

· Do not engage in sexual activities at a very young age

· Have pap smears done routinely

· Quit smoking

· Practice save sex

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Cervical cancer can be prevented and is easier to manage when it is quickly observed especially when it is still in its early stage. So make that arrangement to have a pap smear done and get the HPV vaccine If you have not. It is way better to be safe than sorry.

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